Nigeria Fails to Meet Q1 Revenue Mark Under Elitist APC

18 Jul

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

The federal government acknowledged that in the first quarter of 2016 they failed to reach their revenue target by over 45%! The Nigerian economy has been in a free fall since the collapse of the price of oil to under $50 a barrel. The bulk of government revenue historically has come from oil. Since the collapse in oil, the Nigerian government has sought to shore-up its revenue generating agencies, and enhance tax compliance. In addition, they have sought to level electricity tariffs, stamp taxes on bank deposits, and potentially telecommunications taxes. Noticeably missing from all of this is a single measure to require Nigeria’s wealthy elite to pay any extra to help the nation in its time of need. During the years of high oil prices, Nigeria’s elite made the country one of the top destinations for private jets and luxury products from all over the world. The number of multimillionaires shot up dramatically, and the country became host to Africa’s largest set of private-sector billionaires.

The elitist APC, since taking office, has sought to increase the tax burden on average Nigerians considerably, most notably with the electricity. However, despite the nation’s economy in complete free fall, the elitist Buhari administration has set up a wall of protection around Nigeria’s elite, requiring them to pay nothing extra. Many of these elite are currently hoarding foreign currency in domiciliary accounts in Nigeria, further, many of them moved large amounts of money out of money out of the country before the current government took power. Many of them, like President Buhari himself and his Vice President, own residences in London and in other high-brow communities in Dubai, New York, and elsewhere in the world, with properties under their names or under the names of close relatives. It is a known fact that many of these Nigerian elites, that live and due the overwhelming majority of their business in Nigeria, pay more taxes to the British Crown, than they do to the Nigerian nation. Despite this, the elitist Buhari APC regime, continues to provide excellent security with military, navy, and police to protect the Nigerian elite in their communities without requiring these same people to contribute anything extra to the nation that has made them wealthy and is providing them security and safety in their communities.

NIGERIA’S ECONOMY WILL COLLAPSE

Nigeria has reached a critical stage, since it floated its currency, the economy has shed value and has reduced in size drastically. The floating currency has done absolutely nothing to encourage international investment, and the currency has continued to plummet. Within one year, on this current trajectory, the Nigerian economy will collapse. The country cannot afford to allow the sun to set on 2016 without requiring Nigeria’s wealthy and elite to pay higher tax receipts in-line with what they would be required to pay anywhere else in the world. They receive massive protection from the state and other benefits from the state to live securely in their communities and compounds, fly their jets, and cruise around in their luxury cars and yachts. Over the years, this protection has been provided free of cost, subsidized by the Nigerian people who do not receive anywhere near the level of protection that Nigerian economic and political elite receive in their communities. Needless to say, with the country on the verge of collapse, this dynamic is completely unfair. If Nigeria were a democracy and the APC a legitimate party, they would have moved swiftly to rectify this imbalance by now. However, after being in power for over a year, they have done nothing. Instead they have been robbing the poor seeking to increase their tax burden and force them to pay more to subsidize Nigeria’s elite class even more than they already have.

Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

Its Time for Forensic Audits of all Nigeria’s States

24 Jun

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

In the past several months both Fitch and Moodys downgraded Nigeria’s credit worthiness a significant notch, citing increased investor concern about the ability for the Federal Government to service its debt obligations. High on the list of concerns are cash-strapped Nigerian states who across the federation have issued large amounts of external debt and engaged in rampant borrowing with the backing of the Nigerian Federal Government. By virtue of the constitution each state receives a portion of the national oil revenues, that is paid out periodically to state governments and shared with the local governments in each respective state. Once the money leaves the federal treasury and is handed over to the state governments there is no accountability to the federal government whatsoever in what each states’ officials’ do with its share of the oil revenue. Further, when these same states make applications to issue bonds backed by the federal government, or borrow directly with federal government backing, they also provide little to no accountability to the federal government as to how those funds are used and spent.

Over the past year, under the leadership of President Buhari and his Finance Minister, Kemi Adeosun, the federal government has cleaned up mismanagement and waste in the federal bureaucracy by establishing a single account for the treasury (TSA) to track revenue generating agencies and the usage of funds by all ministries and agencies of the federal government. They also removed ghost workers and identified areas for consolidation of tasks to reduce the number of federal employees and other overhead expenses deemed wasteful. They have also phased-out cash allowances, forcing federal officials to use bank cards to track how money is spent. Despite this, given that much of the national treasury is handed over to states and local governments, and a large portion of Nigeria’s external debt is actually held by Nigerian state governments including several states holding hundreds of millions in debt, and Lagos State holding over 1 billion in external debt; it is not enough for the finance ministry to track the usage of funds for the federal government only. The time is long overdue for the Federal government and the Ministry of Finance to put in place compulsory world-class standards for all states holding external debt backed by the federal government.

Not a day goes by in Nigeria where there is not a major revelation in the press that a state or local government official diverted money it received from the federal government into their private account to use for non-state expenditures. To make matters worse, many of the states in Nigeria are so heavily indebted that they have not been able to pay salaries to state employees for months. Some require bailouts from the federal government just to continue functioning. For the administration of President Buhari, the self-styled “corruption eradicator and chief”, to continue to allow state and local governments to mismanage the handouts given to them by the federal government or debt received backed by the federal government is a gross dereliction of duty on the part of the administration and the Ministry of Finance. All revenue handed over to states and local governments, either their share of oil revenue, bailout funds, or proceeds of loans or bonds backed by the federal government, should be accounted for in order for them to continue receiving support and cooperation from the federal government. The Ministry of Finance should require each state with external debt to undergo third-party forensic audits of the usage of all funds received from the federal government or from debt backed by the federal government. Given that they are in debt to the federal government, they are legally no longer entitled to receive their allotment of federation oil revenue sharing, because their external debts backed by the federal government means they have already received that money in advance. If any indebted state refuses to comply with the requirement of forensic audits of their usage of federal government funds, their share of the oil revenue should be withheld by the federal government and eventually diverted to service their external debt.

Each state that holds external debt, places their debts against the entire nation, not just their particular state. If any state defaults on that debt, it becomes the responsibility of the entire nation to carry and repay the debt on behalf of that state. Therefore it is the responsibility and the duty of the federal government to monitor any and every state that holds external debts that it backs. Receiving external debt backed by the federal government is not a right of any state in Nigeria, it is a privilege. Once they accent to receiving the proceeds of those debts, they must adhere to federal government standards of accountability and reporting until those debts are repaid. They also forfeit their right to receive oil revenue payments should they refuse to adhere federal government standards. The federal government in Nigeria is far too lax in monitoring heavily indebted state and local governments, and credit rating agencies and investors in fixed-income debt around the world are fully aware of this pathetic juvenile deficiency in governance at the level of the federal government in Nigeria. Before oil revenue sharing proceeds are handed out or more bailouts given, each state in the federation that holds external debt should undergo a forensic third-party audit detailing what they did with the money it received from the federal government up to that point. If Nigeria were to default as a result of the debts of its states and local governments, the structural adjustment policies of the IMF and creditors would implement these very measures that the federal government in Nigeria has failed to do up till now.

States in Nigeria raise their own money through internally generated revenue (IGR). With the collapse of oil revenue, many states and local governments in Nigeria have finally started doing their jobs and providing services and collecting taxes through which they can generate revenue to fund the affairs of the state. There are limits on the federal government tracking how much revenue states generate from these schemes and what they do with revenue they raise locally. Despite this, there is no legal rational that prevents the federal government from requiring all states holding external debt backed by the federal government from reporting to it how it used the money given to it by the same federal government through the means of annual forensic audits of all states and local governments on their usage of those funds. Failure enact stricter standards for heavily indebted states by now is casting serious doubt and questions as to how serious the administration of President Buhari is about stopping gross mismanagement and corruption in the public sector in Nigeria. International observers have every reason to laugh at Nigeria and the administration of President Buhari’s so-called “fight on corruption”, which more or less resembles a partisan selective campaign to undermine political opponents. Some of the most corrupt officials in Nigeria are members of the President’s cabinet, including former Rivers State governor, Rotimi Amaechi. Further the administration seems hesitant to enact simple sweeping measures, like require all states who hold external debt backed by the federal government, whether they are run by APC or PDP, to submit annual forensic audits of their usage of federal money.

In short, Nigerians should understand, that the reason their state and local government officials are allowed to this day to divert money given to them by the federal government into their private accounts is because the administration of President Buhari and his Finance Minister is continuing to allowing it. If they did not, they would require all states with external debt to submit forensic audits for the usage of those funds annually. Any state that refuses to comply could see delays in receiving their allotment of federal oil revenue, and eventually compulsory repayment of their external debt deducted directly from their allotment of federal government oil revenue. Corrupt state governors and local government chiefs in Nigeria of all political stripes cannot continue to run mafia-style fiefdoms, diverting federal government allocations and receipts of debt, backed by the federal government into their pockets. Any state that refuses to certify their use of federal government funds with an annual forensic audit by an accredited third-party auditor, should have their share of oil revenue withheld and eventually diverted to service their external debts if they refuse to comply. By global standards, the administration of President Buhari and Ministry of Finance under Kemi Adeosun are not that tough on corruption because they continue to sit on their hands and allow state and local governments to undermine the entire nation and make a mockery of their corruption crusade.
Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

Buhari’s Failure to Tax Rich Leads to Economic Collapse

7 Jun

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

As I predicted a year ago the Nigerian economy is on the verge of a full blown recession, the naira is crashing and the government is forced to undergo a devaluation because the Administration of President Buhari refused to do the right thing and increase taxes progressively on Nigeria’s wealthy. His finance minister finally announced that the government is submitting plans to amend and overhaul the nation’s tax laws several weeks ago. Yet the announcement is too little too late, as the Nigerian economy has already collapsed and contracted over the last year. The issue of government revenue is at the heart of Nigeria’s economic downfall. In the past the government had relied almost entirely on revenue from oil to fund itself and stabilize the national currency and exchange rate, while collecting little if anything from the businesses and especially the individuals who live, work, and do business in Africa’s largest economy. What is shocking is while the masses that are still living in poverty in Nigeria cannot afford to contribute much to the government, they have still been asked recently by the government to pay stamp taxes by the on all bank deposits over 1000 naira. In addition, the general public has faced heavy electricity tariffs and increases the cost of petroleum after the commodity was deregulated nationwide. Despite all the increases in taxation on the masses, the government of President Buhari has not so much as lifted a finger to increase the tax burden on Nigeria’s most affluent citizens and residents. All the while he continues pleading with the public to be patient with him and his administration, while the economy spirals downward, and he pretends as if there is nothing else that they could possibly be doing, [sic].

The primary plan that the Buhari administration had for fixing Nigeria’s revenue shortfall was by recovering looted funds and plugging the holes of revenue leakage caused by endemic corruption throughout the public sector. In this, the government has been successful in setting up a single account where all revenue is to be remitted and removing “ghost workers” from the payroll. In recovering loot, despite the misinformation and propaganda being spread by the “Information Minister”, the government has failed to recover any substantial loot and return it in the form of cash to the national treasury. Foreign reserves and overall government revenue remains way down. Given the current situation, this condition is likely to continue for a while. The only tangible strategy that the administration has yet to commence or seriously  look into, is the massive progressive taxation overhaul in Nigeria I called for a year ago! The elitist nature of Nigerian media houses, so-called media bloggers, political and economic establishment has suppressed the idea of calling on themselves to pay more into the system because it does not suit them and their interest. Yet their lack of contribution to Nigerian state revenue over the years is the primary reason the economy is in a downward spiral today.

To be clear, the greatest crime being committed against the Nigerian public today, is the “free ride” that Nigeria’s economic elite are getting, all while bilking the state and consuming a disproportionate amount of public resources! The amount that the Nigerian elite owe to the Nigerian national treasury, BY FAR, outweighs the amount of revenue that has been stolen from the state due to political corruption, mismanagement, and outright theft by officials. As hard as it may be for some to believe, if a fair taxation regime was put in place in Nigeria, the amount of money the government would collect would make the money that the Buhari administration is seeking to recover from the corruption war look like pocket change. Further it would cast doubt on the governments exclusive obsession with chasing loot while ignoring the paramount tax overhaul until deep into the second year in power. It is not clear at this time how far the administration plans to go with their overhaul, or if it will even be progressive and fair, or whether it will close the loopholes that allow multinationals like MTN to send their profits offshore.

There are several key reasons why Nigeria’s elite owe much more to the Nigerian nation than they presently pay into the system. First, the more you have, the more you require from the state to protect you and the possessions that you have. Most Nigerian’s know the communities where most Nigerian elite reside and own homes receive far more police, military, and naval protection. This additional security they receive should come at a cost, yet many of them are not asked to pay more. The fact that they own fleets of cars, boats, and planes, that few Nigerian’s could ever afford, also places additional burden on the state to provide them with adequate security to own these things. Many Nigerian elite own several homes in the country, which also puts further strain on the nation’s security resources to protect their multiple homes. Throughout the rest of the world, people who own multiple cars and homes pay more money to the nation they live in for the privilege of owning these luxuries. Yet in Nigeria, the elite get a free ride for much of this, get to live in the safest areas, all at the expense of the masses.

What should come as a shock to many Nigerians is that many Nigerian elite, who live, work and do business in Nigerian, own property abroad and pay more money to foreign countries for the privilege than they do in Nigeria where they make the majority of their earnings. Nigerians who own second homes in London for instance pay more money to the British crown than they do to the Nigerian national treasury for their multiple homes compounds they own in Banana Island and Abuja. It is utter stupidity, incompetence, unaccountable dereliction of duty, and political malpractice for the administration of President Buhari, who call themselves “progressive” to allow this to continue any longer. Ending the “free ride” for the elite alone would have prevented our economy from its current downward spiral and deep recession we are now seeing. With oil prices around 50 dollars a barrel, the Nigerian government makes enough foreign exchange to stabilize the national currency. The issue is that the government is not raising enough money domestically to sustain itself. The key deficiency is the elitist-serving taxation regime that currently exist allowing Nigerian elite a “free ride” while dragging down the entire nation.

Specifically at the very minimum, every Nigerian household that owns more than one (1) car should pay luxury taxes to the federal government for each additional vehicle. Every Nigerian household that owns more than one home (including abroad) should pay luxury taxes to the federal government. Every Nigerian (including companies) that owns a vehicle valued over 2.5 million naira should pay luxury taxes to the federal government. Every Nigerian household that owns a home valued over 50 million naira should pay luxury taxes to federal government on a sliding scale upward. Every Nigerian that owns a luxury motor boat, yacht, plane, helicopter, jet, and motorcycle, should pay luxury taxes to the federal government. Luxury taxes should be collected at screening of foreign films, and for satellite broadcasts of foreign programmes. Foreign brewed wines, champagnes, beers, cigarettes, and other non-essential items and luxuries should be reviewed for luxury taxes. These reforms are long overdue, and the sun should not sent on 2016 before the Federal Government of Nigeria collects what it is owed from the individuals to whom these measures pertain.

Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

Buhari Hurting Poor & Protecting Wealthy

18 May

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

In a series of damaging policies aimed at increasing Nigeria’s revenues and cutting cost, Buhari and the APC has placed the entire financial burden of uplifting Nigeria on the backs of the nation’s poor. The Buhari “progressive” administration has moved to increase electric tariffs, raise stamp taxes on account deposits 1000 naira, proposed a cell communication tax, and deregulated fuel resulting in a price hike. Looking at the impact of Buhari’s policies, it is clear that his administration is intent on forcing the masses and the poor to pay for Nigeria’s economic woes while the fabulously wealthy in Nigeria continue to pay very little, if anything at all. The wealthy can afford to pay a little extra in electric costs, since many of them own large private generators at their homes and offices. Further, stamp taxes on deposits as small as 1000 naira, will impact the small account holders, forced to make deposits of daily wages to prevent being robbed, than it does on a large account holder, hoarding dollars and naira in the same account. The most recent fuel price hike, also has a much more damaging impact on the transport costs of the masses than it does on the wealthy, who can afford to pay extra for petrol, and who chose to travel in private cars instead of public transport.

Despite all these regressive elitist “austerity” policies, the Naira value has crashed on the black market, and the government is finding it very difficult to save any of its foreign exchange earnings, despite the rebounding of oil to almost $50 a barrel, government borrowing has increased, and inflation on basic goods is now rampant across Nigeria. While the poor are being asked to pay more for fuel, electricity, banking services, soon cell phone usage, and basic consumer goods, Buhari’s administration has not so much as lifted a finger to require Nigeria’s fabulously wealthy to pay as much as a kobo more to the state to help stabilize the national economy. In much of Africa, the tax rate is far higher than it is in Nigeria, and the elite in much of the world are required to contribute to the state that has made them wealthy far more than Nigeria’s elite. However, in Buhari’s Nigeria, the wealthy are being protected by the seemingly def and unaccountable elitist administration, and have not been required to contribute much at all.

Needless to say, this is not working at all, and the Nigerian economy continues to suffer. Elites in Nigeria own fleets of cars that any responsible government would require them to pay luxury taxes for, but not in Buhari’s elitist run Nigeria. Elites in Nigeria own many mansions, sometimes as many as 10 palaces on a single compound, that anywhere else in the world would warrant a high luxury tax, but Buhari’s elitist administration have decided to look the other way, opting first to increase fuel costs on the masses as the obvious first step. Unbeknownst to the masses in Nigeria, there are Nigerian business elite who today pay more property taxes to the British Crown and the United States on their vacation properties in those jurisdictions than they do to the Nigerian nation where they do business and is the source of most of their wealth in the first place. To make matters worse, the Nigerian tax agency, is failing miserably to reach their target of 5 trillion in annual revenue for 2016, leaving the nation to fall further in debt while Nigeria’s wealthy elite sit on their hands not being required by elitist-Buhari to do anything, but drink foreign champagne, drive foreign cars, watch foreign movies, wear foreign cloths, vacation in foreign lands, leaving the Nigeria that has made them wealthy, in ruin.

Even with Buhari’s stated focus of combating corruption, a regressive, elite serving tax policy runs completely counter-productive to his so-called “war on corruption”. Currently the EFCC and the CCC are leading the corruption fight for Nigeria. To date, they have failed miserably to make any substantial recoveries of any assets. Needless to say, for them to continue this same strategy while hoping for a differently result down the road is not a visionary way to execute the “war on corruption”. In many countries, tax administrators are central operatives in the most crucial law-enforcement operations. For example, in the United States, famed gangster Al Capone, was brought down by the IRS, and his tax fraud, while the FBI, police departments and other law enforcement agencies failed to nab him. The tax agencies were able to apprehend the gangster, and show beyond a doubt that he was indeed guilty of multiple counts of tax fraud without the use of witnesses that would be often compromised in criminal trial proceedings. The tax laws in the U.S. facilitated his take down by the U.S. tax agency of this gangster involved in a host of other illegal activities beyond tax fraud. However, in today’s Nigeria, tax laws are so elitist and lopsided in favor of the nation’s wealthy that they are completely useless in helping to target the corrupt and those involved in criminal activity in Nigeria. If it were not so, the corrupt could be required to forfeit some of their ill-gotten wealth through taxes! Further the state could potentially trace their payments similar to the way the BVN has been used to identify ghost workers. In addition, the corrupt could be summoned to return to Nigeria for tax audit hearings with the forfeit of assets as a penalty for failure to return. While the world is laughing at Nigeria and Buhari’s “war on corruption”, truthfully, Nigeria’s elitist serving regressive taxation policies is handicapping the war on corruption and robbing the state of key tools it should be using to nab the corrupt, assuming that the elitist serving Buhari-administration is actually serious about recovering assets beyond scoring cheap political points.

While labour has now announced a massive strike to force the government to reverse the decision to end the subsidy, it may be beneficial for labour to also take up the government on their elitist regressive tax policy that protects the 5 million super rich in Nigeria, who largely sponsor the APC, while undermining and robbing the 100 million poor masses, who voted them into power. There is much more that the Buhari government should be doing to diversify government revenue, stabilize the naira, provide social services, and aggressively work to recover assets from those that stole, but without a reversal on the regressive elite-serving tax policies that Buhari and his elitist APC administration is championing, Nigeria is in for more dark days to come.

Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

US Selling Nigeria Garbage Light Attack Aircraft

18 May

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

The United States has announced plans to sell Nigeria the A-29, light attack turbo prop propeller aircraft to the Nigerian Air Force. The planes cost around 15 million USD and are identical to planes that were given to the Afghan Air Force earlier. The aircraft are much slower than standard fighter aircraft, and their only advantage is their ability to take off from shorter runways. In a conventional match-up or joint-task force, if Nigeria were ever asked to partner in a multi-national coalition with middle-income nations like Egypt, South Africa, Brazil, or Indonesia, the Nigerian “Air Force” equipped with the A-29 light attack fighters would be joke! They are comparatively slow, fly at lower altitudes, and are much more succeseptuble to anti-aircraft artillery that even rebel fighters in Mali were in possession of.

The fact that the Nigerian government is considering putting in over a 100 million dollars of state money to purchase these inadequate aircraft, as a means of upgrading Nigeria’s air defenses is a laughable! Further it is a poor investment and a waste of state resources. What makes matters worse, instead of being thankful that Nigeria is even considering purchasing such garbage from the U.S. Aeronautics weapons industry, political operatives in the U.S. are trying to delay the deal and delivery of the aircraft. Given that there is an election coming up in the U.S., and that these are not even top quality aircraft, this is a very bad path for President Buhari to tread down, and if he continues he is almost certain to face embarrassment and an obsolete product delivered late, if at all.

There are far better aircraft, at a better price point that Nigeria could procure, without any of the delays or political set-backs. These more advanced fighters would put the Nigerian Air Force on equal footing with South Africa, Egypt, and other middle income emerging powers. Fighter jets like the Gripen SAAB JAS-39 are among the most cost effective and capable fighter jets in operation today. The new Gripen JAS-39 has a price tag of around 40,000 million a unit, but Saab, desperate for new customers has the option of versions of the aircraft using the frames of the older model, already built and in storage at a much lower price tag. Further, giving a large contract to the Swedish aeronautics firm, if negotiated properly, can come with substantial aid to Nigeria from the Swedish government. Sweden gave out, some 300 million in aid to multilateral and bilateral recipients, and over 10 million in direct aid to Afghanistan and Ethiopia. If Nigeria were to patronize Saab, undoubtedly Nigeria could maneuver itself to the top of that list on the receiving end of Swedish aid. Thus it is entirely plausible that Nigeria could acquire first rate fighter jets from Saab for around 20-30 million a unit. Coupled with Swedish aid this deal would rival what they are now planning on wasting on the inferior American A-29 light attack turbo prop, and begging them for the privilege to wait in line for a delayed delivery of a third-rate substandard aircraft.

There is no rational reason for Nigeria to make the United States its primary supplier of military hardware. Their equipment is pricey, comes with serious strings attached, and what they are willing to sell is by far inferior to what Nigeria can afford to purchase from other sources. Further since, training and maintenance will likely be linked to the source country of the aircraft, the fragile relationship Nigeria now has with the U.S. is not fertile testing ground for this scale of a purchase and partnership. Those advising the president to entertain the offer of the U.S. to sell the A-29 turbo prop “crop duster” plane, are seriously leading the administration down a path that is almost certain to go awry. The ongoing opposition to the deal in the U.S. is reason enough for the administration to commence talks with Saab in Sweden for their JAS-39, to see if indeed Nigeria can score a better deal all around.

Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

The “Dirty Look” Worth 1000 Words

4 Apr

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

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Just last week Nigerian President Muhammad Buhari visited Washington D.C. and held bilateral meetings with United States President Barack Obama. During a brief exchange the two leaders shook hands and exchanged pleasantries, during which everyone on all sides seemed jovial except the lady in pink, United States National Security Adviser Susan Rice. During the entire meeting Rice gave the dirtiest looks towards the Nigerian leader so many times that she was even caught on camera several times! Her pure and utter hatred for Nigeria and its leadership was on full display for all to see. Why the Nigerian government at the presidential level continues to pretend as if the U.S. is a friend of Nigeria given the overt hostility and visible loathing that their key leaders have for the country is beyond reason.

During Nigeria’s fight against Boko Haram, the United States, under the direction of Susan Rice, conducted a failed global effort to deny Nigeria the weapons it needed to defend its territorial sovereignty. When Nigerian leaders sought to procure attack helicopters on the black market through South Africa, the United States tipped off South African intelligence to block the sale. The tip quite likely originated from the Office of the National Security Adviser, Susan Rice. As the battle raged on, Nigerian leaders scrambled to find weapons suppliers and finally procured advanced weapons and drones that helped turn the tide against the insurgency and wiped out their territorial gains before the election.

After the election, President Buhari reached out to the same United States for “help” and assistance in the continued fight. They continue their policy of refusing to sell Nigeria tactical advanced weapons but instead have indicated that they will send forces to assist Nigeria in the fight. Foolishly, President Buhari has welcomed the foreign invasion of hostile American clandestine spies who now work alongside the Nigerian military. The U.S., thus far, have done nothing in Nigeria but gather intelligence on Nigeria’s weaknesses, and continue to devise a plan to further weaken and undermine the security of Nigeria to make a clandestine strike against the country at the next opportune moment.

Further, the United States, that continues to push for a naira devaluation and a weakening of the Nigerian economy, has done nothing to return looted Nigerian funds that are now housed within the United States. The United States is not an ally or friend of Nigeria. Nigeria’s rise is not in their interest, and they continue to push for a diminished presence of Nigeria in Africa and the world in favor of preserving South African dominance. In fact, former U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder is negotiating with the Nigerian government on behalf of MTN in order to reduce their fine by up to 70%! Boko Haram terrorist continued their operations in Northern Nigeria with the assistance of South Africa’s MTN mobile phone network that they repeatedly refused to deactivate the unregistered mobile phone lines. Given that this serious breach on the part of MTN cost the lives of many Nigerians and gave the insurgency a tactical advantage, it is very suspicious that Obama’s Attorney General is now attempting to defend them and get their fine drastically reduced. It is plausible to connect the dots and link MTN with South African maliciousness and with the support of the US in a concerted effort to check Nigeria’s rise in Africa. It is not an accident that MTN of South Africa was the only mobile operator in Nigeria to refuse to obey the repeated directives of Nigerian authorities to shut off the unregistered lines, largely being held by Boko Haram terrorists. It is also not an accident that the former United States Attorney General is wasting his time now to defend them, shunning all the other corporate clients and speaking fees he could be collecting.

Given the overt hostility of the United States under President Obama towards Nigeria, the only major African nation he has repeatedly refused to visit, it makes no sense why President Buhari continues to pursue a close relationship with the U.S. It is unbelievably naive to welcome hostile U.S. spies and clandestine forces to gather intelligence on the Nigerian military which they repeatedly have refused to assist. Susan Rice, President Obama’s national security adviser, abhors Nigeria and Nigeria’s growing status in Africa. It is her top priority to undermine Nigeria in Africa and the world, and set in place a policy framework to achieve those ends. It is now time for President Buhari and his so-called advisers to wake up and realize this and move on to establishing real relationships with genuine friends and not thinly veiled adversaries like the United States.

Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

Buhari’s A’P’C Stealing From Nigeria’s Poor

23 Mar

David O. Kuranga, Ph.D.

The author is the Managing Director and Principal of Kuranga and Associates, a full-service investment, political and economic risk consultancy, and asset management firm that specializes in Africa. He is also the author of The Power of Interdependence with Palgrave Macmillan Press.

The APC Administration under President Buhari has embarked on a decisive quest to rob poor Nigerians of their basic sustenance and make the cost of living on the average person unbearable. While understandably, the government needs to raise internal revenue in Nigeria, outside of petroleum, it is not necessary that the government raise this revenue on the backs of poor Nigerians while refusing to require Nigeria’s wealthy to pay anything more whatsoever. The APC during thier campaign pretended to be a “progressive” party of the common man, but since they have taken power, their fangs and devil horns have unmasked themselves revealing their demonic vendetta to rob poor Nigerians.

FIRST the APC-led government under President Buhari, through the ministry of power led by former Lagos Governor, Babatunde Fashola, chose to implement a nation-wide tariff or tax on electricity of 45%. Needless to say, implementing taxes such as this indiscriminately nationwide, raises the cost of living on everyone, including those who can afford to pay and those who–most certainly–cannot. It is a prime example of a regressive taxation policy that has a greater impact on the poor and laboring classes than it does on the wealthy. Such massive hikes in basic power costs like this, is so damaging and regressive that it is even a violation of agreed UN global standards, to which Nigeria is party and a signatory. Labour unions across Nigeria have been out in force protesting the developments and calling for the Minister of Power to repeal the power tax increases. Their calls have fallen on def ears, all the while the president continues to smile and remains silent.

SECOND the Central Bank of Nigeria, implemented a nationwide 50 naira stamp tax on all deposits over 1000 naira. These taxes are collected from every Nigerian that owns a bank account and makes regular deposits, irrespective of the size of the individuals account, total annual earnings or any other safeguards. Needless to say again, implementing fees such as this is yet another prime example of a regressive taxation policy that has a far greater impact on the poor market women, common street hawkers, okada, trike, and danfo drivers, merely depositing their meager days earnings, often several times daily to keep from being robbed. By dipping into their earnings every time they make deposit the CBN discourages them from using banks, recording their income, paying taxes, and becoming bankable businesses and self-employed persons with verifiable income. This will make it harder for them to get credit, and will undoubtedly roll back progress made through SME and national banking initiatives to increase the number of people and businesses nationwide who use the banking system. Even worse, the policy continues to steal from the nation’s poor, futher punishing them for the countries financial woes while leaving the wealthy to pay almost nothing.

FINALLY as if the latter two initiatives were not bad enough, the demonic forces orchestrating the APC’s national heist of the nation’s poor, have now set in motion plans to level a tax on all telecommunications nationwide. The tax is being collected from every ordinary mobile phone and mobile internet user throughout the nation. Once again, given that access to these basic communication tools is a necessity for many Nigerians to survive and do their daily work, for the government to propose taxing them every time they make a call or use the internet they are yet again making it even more expensive for ordinary Nigerians to live on a daily basis! Their electricity is skyrocketing, fuel is skyrocketing, now cellular communications costs are skyrocketing, and their earnings being robbed when they take them to the bank! None of this has much of an impact on the elites in the country who run the APC and can all afford this. Yet either they are purely evil demons, or completely aloof to the struggles of ordinary Nigerians. Either way, from the top down they are frauds, thieves, and categorically unfit to occupy their positions given what they have all decided to do.

LET ME BE VERY CLEAR, regressive taxation measures ARE NOT the only means for the government to increase revenue. There are many progressive tax schemes that they could have implemented by now. Progressive tax measures to target the elite in Nigeria with (MANSION TAXES, LUXURY CAR & VEHICLE TAXES, LUXURY FOREIGN GOODS TAXES, DOLLAR HOARDING TAXES, among other measures). However the administration has not so much as lifted a finger to implement any of these measures despite the fact that Nigeria is among the most unequal nations in the world in terms of wealth inequality. With all things being considered, lets stop calling them the (APC), All “Regressive” Congress (ARC) is demonically pushing such damaging regressive policies all while shunning progressive measures protecting the nations elite who are part of the problem hoarding dollars and foreign exchange! Just like the PDP, the ruling party in Nigeria today is equally as elitist, class insensitive, and completely aloof to the hardship that the masses in Nigeria face, from the office of the president down. The compound impact of this systematic theft of the nation’s poor will have the identical impact on the masses in Nigeria as if the government continued stealing and pocketing oil revenue.

Nigeria does need to increase taxes and raise money, but not on basic electricity, calls, and deposits for everyone, but on foreign wine and champagne that the elite across Nigeria consume. On the foreign films and satellite tv that the elite across Nigeria watch. On the business-class flights and private jets that the elite across Nigeria hire. Taxes need also to be collected on the existing fleets of luxury and foreign cars that elite in Nigeria currently own even more so if they own more than 1, and on their aquatic yachts also. Luxury property taxes should also be collected on the multiple mansions and luxury flats valued over N50 million that elite across Nigeria own, even more so if they also own property abroad or more than 1 home in Nigeria. This is not radical or revolutionary, it is simple common sense in a society plagued with massive wealth inequality like Nigeria. THESE SAME POLICIES EXIST in the US and the UK. After sweeping to power with a charade of mischaracterizations, they continue the policy of robbing poor masses of Nigeria blind, this time using the weapon of taxes directed at the poor masses instead of looting their oil revenue. It is among the most shameful and disgraceful displays of bad governance on the planet today.

Kuranga and Associates Limited is an investment management advisory firm and an asset manager with a principle practice area of Africa. To learn more about Kuranga and Associates go to www.kaglobal.net. © Copyright 2016 David Kuranga. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Dr.Kuranga

David O. Kuranga; Ph.D.
Managing Director
Kuranga & Associates Limited
Phone: 212.363.0936
david.kuranga@kaglobal.net
https://kurangaandassociates.wordpress.com
http://us.macmillan.com/thepowerofinterdependence/DavidOladipupoKuranga

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